Labor Laws for US Truck Drivers

 2014 US Trucking Guide –Labor Laws for US Truck Drivers

Truck driving can be a difficult and arduous job, which sometimes results in fatigue and creating an environment where accidents are more likely to happen. And for these reasons, the Department of Transportation, through the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) provides a list of laws for how much truck drivers can work. Maximum Hours of Work in a Day The FMCSA states that drivers shall not be required or allowed to drive a vehicle carrying personal property for more than 11 cumulative hours, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Regardless of how many hours drivers took off during the course of their shift, they must still end their workday at the end of the 14th hour since they came on duty. Maximum Hours of Work in a Week The FMCSA has regulations for the number of hours drivers are permitted to work in a week.

If a company for which a driver works does not operate every day of the week, then the driver cannot work for more than 60 hours in any period of seven consecutive days. And if the company for which a driver works does not operate on any day of the week, then the driver cannot work for more than 70 hours in any period of eight straight days. These consecutive seven or eight day periods end with the start of a period of at least 34 hours of off-duty time for the driver. Driver’s Record of Duty According to the FMCSA, drivers should keep a record during every 24-hour period while they are still working. The FMCSA recommends two ways to do this. Drivers can record what they were doing, and when on a grid-like form that is prepared by the FMCSA. This form should be completed in addition to any company forms.

Drivers may also use an on-board automatic recording device that meets specified requirements. In general, drivers must also specify at which times they were off duty, they were driving, they were on duty but not driving and using their sleeper berth, given that the vehicle has one. Everytime a change in status happens, the name of the city, town, or geographical location where the change occured must be recorded. Other labor laws include the hours-of-service regulations that focus on when and how long they are allowed to drive, by giving specific limits when it comes to the amount of time drivers drive their truck. Other laws include how many total hours they can work before they are no longer permitted to drive a commercial motor vehicle. Drivers also need to follow three maximum duty limits at all times. These limits are the 14-hour duty limit, the 11-hour driving limit, and the 60 or 70-hour duty limit. There are absolutely no limits to how many hours drivers are allowed to drive at one time. They can drive for as little as a few minutes, or as much as 11 hours in a row.

 

FMCSA

FMCSA

 

 

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