Trucking companies in the Philippines are known to be classified according to small, medium and large. The small ones hold a percentage of 43 out of the total, those that are running 1-9 units. On the other hand 39 % for the medium ones owning 10-19 units while 18 % are for the large ones with 20 or more units. They are then called truckers being one of the major employees in the Philippines operating the major mode of public transportation and other means for business mode of transportation either public jeepney or trucks. Confederation of Truckers Association of the Philippines (CTAP) for example claims and has been known to be one of the biggest truckers organizations in the country.
LTO’s statistical data shows that a total of 266,915 trucks widely populate the entire country of the Philippines while a part from those are about 2.3 Million Filipinos employed as drivers, truckers and truck helpers dependent to the said industry. They are expected to pay due remittances to the national government through their annual registration, business permits, franchising and taxes of the earnings. For all the years each has religiously paid, their overall contribution has now reached to as much as P1.5B to the government coffers.
Truck Drivers Contribution to the Country
Other than the annual remittances, the truckers contribute greatly as they are seen in every part of the Philippines may it be at the rural areas or urban areas, on the road to carry and transport cargos. In the Luzon part, the truckers are more concentrated at the areas of CALABARZON, Metro Manila and Central Luzon Provinces. These are usually where the economic centres of manufacturing companies, importers or exporters, poultry or hog raisers, economic zone or plainly ports serviced by trucks.
Trucks are seen operating in any miscellaneous kind of activities such as:
1. Transporting raw materials 2. Manufacturing plants 3. Distributing finished products 4. Exporting and importing products 5. Any mode of delivery activities reaching to various places and venues such as farms or markets, infrastructure projects and other construction sites Registering Public Utility Trucks
There are a number of laws implemented for truckers, trucks ranging from registration down to licensing. First to tackle is application of truck registration because according to the law, all sorts of vehicles other than trucks should be registered.
The Different types of trucks and trailers in the Philippines that needs registration are as follows:
1. 6 wheels – Truck with two axles 2. 10 wheels- Truck with tandem rear axle 3 axles 3. TRUCK WITH TANDEM REAR AXLE 4 AXLES (14 WHEELS) 4. TRUCK SEMI-TRAILER WITH 3 AXLES (10 WHEELS) 5. TRUCK SEMI-TRAILER WITH 4 AXLES (14 WHEELS) 6. TRUCK SEMI-TRAILER WITH 4 AXLES (14 WHEELS) 7. TRUCK SEMI-TRAILER WITH 5 AXLES (18 WHEELS) 8. TRUCK-TRAILER WITH 3 AXLES AT MOTOR VEHICLE & 3 AXLES AT TRAILER (22 WHEELS) 9. TRUCK-TRAILER WITH 3 AXLES AT MOTOR VEHICLE & 2 AXLES AT TRAILER (18 WHEELS) 10. TRUCK-TRAILER WITH 3 AXLES AT MOTOR VEHICLE & 3 AXLES AT TRAILER (22 WHEELS)
Application of registration can be easy as such can be achieved either personally or by registered mail. But in the case of using the mode of registered mail, everything should be prepared carefully along with the registration payment that should be sufficient enough in accordance to the law.
After payments are settled, registration classification then follows. These ranges from public utility trucks, garage trucks, hire trucks and trucks that are owned by custom agents, contractors and custom brokers. Application of registration under such classification are accompanied with a certificate of public convenience or otherwise known as special permit issued by the Public Service Commission.
Getting a Truck Driver’s License
It is the Land Transportation (LTO) that handles any issuances of licenses for drivers in Philippines; included therein are the truck drivers. However, truck drivers have a bit of critical rules in getting one. There are times when truckers have already their own previous license however this could only be either a student or non-professional one. Let us say for example a truck driver’s current license is only non-pro, the question could be if there is a need to upgrade for a professional license or not.
In response to the above issue, truckers’ license is based from the gross vehicle weight. So, if ever the vehicle currently weighs more than 4,500 GVW, and then there is a need to upgrade restriction code from 2 to 3 since non-pro license has restrictions from 1 to 2. When switching to code 3, that is the time it requires already a pro-driving license. This unfortunately provides another set of test license questions from LTO. But remember, these all depends to the GVW.
Current Problems Truckers Are Facing in Philippines
The fact that a salary of a trucker or truck driver is just enough to feed the mouths of his children ($7 dollars a day) plus the house bills and other expenses, here goes fuel that is raising its prices every now and then. That is most likely the typical or should be said as the usual they currently are living with. But the newest problem above all is the unsynchronized truck ban time in Metro Manila. They truck ban must have already been bearable but for it to be unsynchronized is not. Some LGUs in Metro Manila have their very truck ban time that can start from 6:00 – 9:00 AM while 4:00 – 9:00 PM while MMDA is from 6:00 – 9:00 AM and 5:00 – 9:00 PM, such lead the period of trucks travelling and delivery shortened diminishing the possibilities of earning more and as well providing great services to their valued customers. There is however export products that should be delivered to the port earlier than the scheduled departure of airplane or ship thus more and more problems indeed arise.
The towing on the other hand is another noticeable accredited LGUs charging of truckers to about p2,500 – P 8,000. This in turn is another problem added truckers inevitably face.