Types of Truck Drivers and Truck Driving Jobs

2013 Trucking Guide – Types of  Truck Drivers and Truck Driving Jobs

Truckers are always responsible for transporting goods and commodities from one location to another, safely and right on time. A lot of trucking jobs are available, and these jobs happen to be classified by the type of truck that they are operating. This also includes the distance and frequency of trips, plus other duties and responsibilities that the driver has when making deliveries.

The key into finding out what types of truck driving jobs are there determines where the aspiring driver will eventually end up. For example, truck drivers that transport furniture is both demanding and dirty, since it requires unloading a huge amount of furniture in several truck stops.

A lot of drivers refuse to do this. But if these drivers want to find a trucking job that helps them stay in shape and pays them better than the average driver, then they should take a truck driving job that involves furniture.


Short Distance Heavy Truck Drivers – These are truck drivers that operates a vehicle weighing more than 11.6 tons, and can be reached or returned from during the course of a regular day at work. Short distance heavy truck drivers can also travel at the same route on a consistent basis, or even perform assigned different runs each day.

Long Distance Heavy Truck Drivers – These truck drivers transport goods in a vehicle that weighs more than 11.6 tons on longer trips. A lot of these long distance heavy truck drivers will work with a partner, alternating sleeping and driving so that these trips can take 24 hours a day.

Light Truckers – These truck drivers operate vehicles that weigh less than 11.6 tons. They may be involved with hauling and shipping goods through both short and long distances.

Delivery Truckers – These truck drivers operate vans or trucks that weigh less than 11.6 tons, and also responsible for making multiple stops and businesses at residences to deliver goods. These delivery truckers are operated by a wholesaler, manufacturer, or a retailer.

Route Drivers – Just like delivery truckers, these truck drivers operate light vehicles and make frequent stops to several customers. But unlike delivery truckers, they are also required to perform a sales function in addition to hauling. Some route drivers also accept orders from customers, and help stock inventory. They also remove unsold products and return them to the warehouse or manufacturers. Route drivers also sell additional products to customers.

Types of Truck Driving Jobs

Pulling a dry van is the most common type of trucking job for new truck drivers. They usually have a 53ft trailer to haul dry or non-perishable goods. Because these jobs are easier to get, and also require the least from any driver, they also happen to be the lowest-paying trucking job. It usually depends on what type the driver is hauling in those dry vans, as well as the company that the driver works for. New drivers will most likely be hired to pull regular freight over the road in these trailers.

Pulling a reefer or hauling refrigerated freight involves the units that the driver sees with his air conditioners at the front of the trailer. They haul freight that must be kept at below specific temperatures, sometimes even frozen or below frozen temperatures. This also adds an extra level of responsibility, which means extra pay.

Freight hauler is a broad umbrella term that is often used by truckers who do not haul freight on a regular basis.

Hauling Flat Bed Loads are the drivers that haul everything, from airplanes, to scaffolding, to military tanks. They can haul oversized freight, and other types of freight that is not suitable for loading inside trailers. These loads need to be secured more cautiously.

Pulling a low boy is a trailer that has a middle low to the street/highway/ground. The reason why it’s low is because of the center of gravity, or so that taller equipment can ride without increasing the height from the ground. In most cases, these are often used in hauling oversized and overweight loads, and sometimes loads that exceed length. They also often require escort vehicles when transporting these loads. It all depends on where these loads are heading to. It is important to know that each US state has different guidelines as well as restrictions.

Tankers are used to haul liquids. They can haul anything from gasoline that is used every day; to milk that can be bought from the grocery store. These trucks are also responsible for holding chemicals and gasses that can be highly explosive. Special training is required before driving these trucks, because it is easy to turn over hauling liquid as the center of gravity changes. But these trucks can also be used to haul dry goods such as sugar and cement.

Bull Haulers can pull trailers that are designed for transportation of live animals. They also have to learn several rules before hauling animals.

Auto Haulers drive trucks or trailers loaded with special vehicles.

Container Haulers are metal containers that people see going across the country on train cars. These drivers usually pick up their containers from ports, and bring them to distribution points, or from terminal to terminal, or to another port.

LTL Freight are trucking driver jobs where the driver carries less than a truckload, which means multiple stops of just a few pieces, and not a barely loaded trailer.

Local Trucking Jobs usually pay by the hour. The driver spends his nights at home, but they also require long work days. Regional Trucking Jobs go out two or three states from their local terminal.

Oilfield Trucking Jobs involve working at oilfields or oil rigs. Some of these trucking jobs involve going from oilfield to oilfield. Others involve drivers hauling equipment from equipment places, to oilfields. Oilfield truck drivers also drive from an oilfield to an oil refinery. A lot of companies that do this type of work also specialize in oilfield work. But other trucking companies may just be a division to service these oilfields.


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